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员工不能胜任工作时能否拒绝调岗安排
发布日期:2015-12-30     发布者:蓝海股份     浏览量:9145

【案情简介(jie)】

张(zhang)某(mou)(mou)于2014年(nian)3月(yue)(yue)入职上海某(mou)(mou)印刷(shua)包装有限公(gong)司担(dan)任(ren)操作(zuo)工(gong)。与公(gong)司签订了(le)3年(nian)的劳动(dong)合(he)同(tong)。入职时,公(gong)司将张(zhang)某(mou)(mou)安(an)排在印刷(shua)车间工(gong)作(zuo)。2014年(nian)11月(yue)(yue),张(zhang)某(mou)(mou)在一(yi)个(ge)月(yue)(yue)内工(gong)作(zuo)多次出(chu)错,导致(zhi)印刷(shua)产品质量有瑕疵,公(gong)司认为张(zhang)某(mou)(mou)不能胜任(ren)工(gong)作(zuo),故准备将其工(gong)作(zuo)岗位(wei)调(diao)整至(zhi)相对比较简单的手工(gong)岗位(wei),并向其发(fa)出(chu)了(le)书面的《岗位(wei)调(diao)整通知书》,通知其自(zi)2014年(nian)12月(yue)(yue)1日起到手工(gong)部门报到。

张(zhang)(zhang)某(mou)对公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)司(si)(si)的(de)(de)(de)调岗(gang)决定表示(shi)不(bu)服(fu),不(bu)愿(yuan)意去(qu)手(shou)工(gong)(gong)部(bu)上(shang)(shang)班(ban)。2014年12月(yue)1日,张(zhang)(zhang)某(mou)既(ji)没有去(qu)公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)司(si)(si)的(de)(de)(de)手(shou)工(gong)(gong)部(bu)报到,甚至没有出勤。公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)司(si)(si)与张(zhang)(zhang)某(mou)电话沟通(tong),希望(wang)张(zhang)(zhang)某(mou)服(fu)从公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)司(si)(si)的(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)作安排,到手(shou)工(gong)(gong)部(bu)报到,但(dan)是张(zhang)(zhang)某(mou)表示(shi)公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)司(si)(si)无权单方调整其工(gong)(gong)作岗(gang)位。鉴于第二天张(zhang)(zhang)某(mou)仍未来(lai)上(shang)(shang)班(ban),公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)司(si)(si)向(xiang)其发出书面的(de)(de)(de)《上(shang)(shang)班(ban)通(tong)知函(han)》,希望(wang)张(zhang)(zhang)某(mou)先回公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)司(si)(si)上(shang)(shang)班(ban),但(dan)一周后张(zhang)(zhang)某(mou)依然未到公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)司(si)(si)上(shang)(shang)班(ban)。公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)司(si)(si)根据(ju)规(gui)章制度的(de)(de)(de)相关规(gui)定,以(yi)张(zhang)(zhang)某(mou)连续旷工(gong)(gong)3日以(yi)上(shang)(shang),严(yan)重(zhong)违(wei)反公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)司(si)(si)规(gui)章制度为由,与其解除劳动关系(xi)。

张某对解除决定(ding)不服,向(xiang)仲(zhong)裁(cai)(cai)委提起仲(zhong)裁(cai)(cai),要求公司恢复与(yu)其的劳动关系(xi)。

【争议焦点&裁(cai)决(jue)结果】

本(ben)案(an)的(de)争议(yi)焦点:员工(gong)不能胜任工(gong)作时,能否拒绝公司(si)的(de)调(diao)岗安排?

张某(mou)认为,根据劳动法(fa)规定,调(diao)整工作(zuo)岗位(wei)需要双方(fang)协商一(yi)致(zhi),其不(bu)同意公(gong)司将其从印刷部(bu)调(diao)岗至手工部(bu),因此公(gong)司无权单方(fang)对其工作(zuo)岗位(wei)进行调(diao)整,更不(bu)能因其不(bu)服从公(gong)司的调(diao)岗安排与其解除劳动关系。

公(gong)(gong)司(si)认为,张某(mou)不能胜(sheng)任工(gong)(gong)作,公(gong)(gong)司(si)有权(quan)对他(ta)进行合(he)理的(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)作安排。即使(shi)张某(mou)对公(gong)(gong)司(si)合(he)理的(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)作安排不服,也不能以(yi)(yi)旷工(gong)(gong)应(ying)对。公(gong)(gong)司(si)已经与张某(mou)积极(ji)沟通,希望他(ta)先(xian)到公(gong)(gong)司(si)的(de)(de)手(shou)工(gong)(gong)部报(bao)到,但是张某(mou)却擅自不来上(shang)班。根据公(gong)(gong)司(si)规(gui)定(ding),连续旷工(gong)(gong)3日以(yi)(yi)上(shang)者,构成(cheng)严重(zhong)违(wei)纪(ji),公(gong)(gong)司(si)有权(quan)与其(qi)解除(chu)劳动(dong)关系。

仲(zhong)裁委(wei)经审理驳回了张某要求(qiu)(qiu)恢复劳动关系的(de)请求(qiu)(qiu)。

【案件评析】

《劳(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)动合(he)同法》第35条(tiao)规定“用人单位(wei)与劳(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)动者(zhe)协商一(yi)致,可以变(bian)更(geng)劳(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)动合(he)同约定的(de)内容,变(bian)更(geng)劳(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)动合(he)同,应(ying)当(dang)采用书面(mian)形式(shi)。”因而,在一(yi)般情况下(xia),用人单位(wei)调整劳(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)动者(zhe)的(de)工(gong)作岗位(wei)须与劳(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)动者(zhe)协商一(yi)致,并(bing)采取书面(mian)的(de)形式(shi)。

但(dan)本案所(suo)涉及的(de)(de)(de)情形并非(fei)一(yi)般的(de)(de)(de)变(bian)更劳(lao)(lao)动(dong)合(he)同,而是劳(lao)(lao)动(dong)合(he)同法(fa)第40条所(suo)规定的(de)(de)(de)“劳(lao)(lao)动(dong)者(zhe)不能胜任工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)”而调岗(gang)的(de)(de)(de)情形。《劳(lao)(lao)动(dong)合(he)同法(fa)》第40条规定“有(you)下列情形之一(yi)的(de)(de)(de),用(yong)人(ren)单(dan)位提前30日以书面形式通知劳(lao)(lao)动(dong)者(zhe)本人(ren)或(huo)(huo)者(zhe)额外支(zhi)付劳(lao)(lao)动(dong)者(zhe)一(yi)个月工(gong)(gong)(gong)资后,可以解除劳(lao)(lao)动(dong)合(he)同:••••••(2)劳(lao)(lao)动(dong)者(zhe)不能胜任工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo),经过培(pei)训或(huo)(huo)者(zhe)调整工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)岗(gang)位,仍不能胜任工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)。”对于(yu)“劳(lao)(lao)动(dong)者(zhe)不能胜任工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)”的(de)(de)(de)情形,如(ru)果(guo)用(yong)人(ren)单(dan)位对其(qi)进行调岗(gang),需要(yao)双方(fang)协(xie)商一(yi)致的(de)(de)(de)话,则该(gai)法(fa)条将失去实际(ji)操(cao)作(zuo)性,因(yin)为只(zhi)要(yao)劳(lao)(lao)动(dong)者(zhe)不同意调岗(gang),该(gai)法(fa)条就无法(fa)适用(yong)。故根据法(fa)律的(de)(de)(de)原(yuan)意,在(zai)“劳(lao)(lao)动(dong)者(zhe)不能胜任工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)”的(de)(de)(de)情形下,用(yong)人(ren)单(dan)位有(you)权单(dan)方(fang)对劳(lao)(lao)动(dong)者(zhe)进行合(he)理的(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)岗(gang)位安排。

另外,劳动(dong)部办(ban)公厅在《关(guan)于职工(gong)岗(gang)位(wei)(wei)变(bian)(bian)更(geng)与企业(ye)发生(sheng)争议等有关(guan)问(wen)题的复函》也(ye)作了明确的规定“因(yin)劳动(dong)者(zhe)不能(neng)胜任工(gong)作而(er)变(bian)(bian)更(geng)、调(diao)整职工(gong)工(gong)作岗(gang)位(wei)(wei),则属(shu)于用(yong)人(ren)(ren)单位(wei)(wei)的自主权。对于因(yin)劳动(dong)者(zhe)岗(gang)位(wei)(wei)变(bian)(bian)更(geng)引起的争议应依据上述规定精神处理(li)(li)。”即(ji)对于劳动(dong)者(zhe)不能(neng)胜任工(gong)作,用(yong)人(ren)(ren)单位(wei)(wei)是可以单方对劳动(dong)者(zhe)进行(xing)合(he)理(li)(li)的岗(gang)位(wei)(wei)调(diao)整的,故(gu)员(yuan)工(gong)在不能(neng)胜任工(gong)作时不能(neng)拒(ju)绝公司合(he)理(li)(li)的调(diao)岗(gang)安排。


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